More than 6 m of rain a year fall on some parts of the east and less than 1 m a year falls on the west coast. The French government of Dominique de Villepin sent an emergency aid package worth €36 million and deployed about 500 troops in an effort to eradicate mosquitoes on the island. Following the fall of the House of Bourbon during the French Revolution, the island was renamed "Île de la Réunion" in 1793 by a decree of the Convention Nationale (the elected revolutionary constituent assembly). France, officially the French Republic (French: République Française), is a country with which almost every traveller has a relationship. The first members of the "Bourbon" group of garden roses originated on this island (then still Île Bourbon, hence the name) from a spontaneous hybridisation between Damask roses and Rosa chinensis, which had been brought there by the colonists. Separated by over 160 kilometers (100 miles) of sea from the mainland, the island rises to over 1,676 meters (5,500 feet) and has a coastal plain only on its eastern side. While the Piton de la Fournaise is one of Earth's most active volcanoes, the Piton des Neiges is dormant. Saint Thomas, Saint Croix, Saint John, and Water Island are the main four United States Virgin Islands. The capital is Victoria, located on the island of Mahe. There are no indigenous people on the island, as it was originally deserted. Lava flow emitted in 2005 by the Piton de la Fournaise, The climate in Réunion is tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation. The low number of communes, compared with French metropolitan departments of similar size and population, is unique: most of its communes encompass several localities, sometimes separated by significant distances. Overview of holidays and many observances in France during the year 2021 On 6 July 1975, the Comorian authorities unilaterally declared their independence. , Sugar was traditionally the chief agricultural product and export.  Economic growth has been at around +3.0% per year in real terms since 2014. Réunion (French pronunciation: [ʁe.y.njɔ̃] (listen); previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of the French Republic and an Indian Ocean island in East Africa, east of Madagascar and 175 km (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius. Others consist of a single island, such as Barbados, or part of an island, such as the Dominican Republic. France, meanwhile, reported three cases on the Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe, the first in one of France’s overseas territories. Grand Anse is a tropical white-sand beach lined with coconut trees in the south of Réunion, with a rock pool built for swimmers, a pétanque playground, and a picnic area. In the history of France, the First Republic (French: Première République), officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.The First Republic lasted until the declaration of the First Empire in 1804 under Napoleon, although the form of the government changed several times.This period was … According to estimates, Whites make up roughly one quarter of the population, Malbars make up more than 25% of the population and people of Chinese ancestry form roughly 3%. Holland 2-3 France!  The island was then occupied by France and administered from Port Louis, Mauritius.  Its largest land animal is the panther chameleon, Furcifer pardalis. All French islands over 100 km2, ranked by decreasing area.  The island is possibly featured on a map from 1153 AD by Al Sharif el-Edrisi.  Chinese folk religion and Buddhism are also represented, among others. External Link. Links to external websites are provided as a convenience and should not be construed as an endorsement by the U.S. Department of State of the views or products contained therein.  A few cases also appeared in mainland France, carried by people travelling by airline. Every commune in Réunion is now a member of an intercommunality with its own taxation, to which member communes have delegated their authority in various areas. Since 1992, Réunion has hosted a number of ultramarathons under the umbrella name of the Grand Raid. Tamils are the largest group among the Indian community. The epidemic has since been eradicated. They broadcast daily content about weather and local services.  Arab traders were familiar with it by the name Dina Morgabin, "Western Island". The UK, France and the Republic of Ireland will be split into regions and categorised under Jersey’s Covid-19 traffic light system, from Wednesday 2 September.. Some come to follow the trail of France's great philosophers, writers and artists, or to immerse in the beautiful … The land in Haiti was destroyed. Dominican Republic, country of the West Indies that occupies the eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola, the second largest island of the Greater Antilles chain in the Caribbean Sea. The predominant religion is Christianity, notably Roman Catholicism, with a single (Latin Rite) jurisdiction, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint-Denis-de-La Réunion. Many island countries are spread over an archipelago, as is the case with the Federated States of Micronesia and Indonesia (both of which consist of thousands of islands). INSEE assigned to Réunion the department code 974, and the region code 04 when regional councils were created in 1982 in France, including in existing overseas departments which also became overseas regions.  It is a white sand beach lined with casuarina trees under which the locals often organise picnics. Much of the west coast is ringed by coral reef which harbours, among other animals, sea urchins, conger eels, and parrot fish. Learn more about Paris in … Agathe appeared in A Shot at Glory, whilst Robert was in Goal!. The first Bourbon roses were discovered on the island in 1817.. The eastern part, today’s Dominican Republic was controlled by Spain. During the 17th century, a struggle for control between France and Spain began.  The neighbouring islands of Mauritius and Madagascar also suffered epidemics of this disease during the same year. That program was led by influential Gaullist politician Michel Debré, who was an MP for Réunion at the time. On 8 February 1976, France organized a second referendum to determine whether Mayotte residents wished to become part of the new Comorian State. , Outlying territories of European countries, Current administrative regions (since 2016), Former administrative regions (1982–2015), CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Arrondissements of the Réunion department, Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa, Globice (Groupe local d'observation et d'identification des cétacés), Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint-Denis-de-La Réunion, Du battant des lames au sommet des montagnes, List of colonial and departmental heads of Réunion, List of islands administered by France in the Indian and Pacific oceans, "Estimation de population par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge – Années 1975 à 2020", "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by NUTS 2 regions", CHRONOLOGIE : L'histoire des enfants réunionnais déplacés en métropole, "Reunion sees 'colossal' volcano eruption, but population safe", "World Meteorological Organization: Global Weather & Climate Extremes", "Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Crise requin: Les causes scientifiques sous les projecteurs de la revue "Nature, "Big Read: Reunion Island beset by shark controversy", "French on the Island of Bourbon (Réunion)", "Country Profile: Reunion (Department of Reunion)", "Réunion Island (@visitreunion) • Instagram photos and videos", "Comptes économiques rapides de La Réunion en 2017", "Insel La Réunion Reisen & Urlaub buchen | Reiseveranstalter Elefant Tours", "SEAS-OI, VIGISAT international success Réunion Island acquires an acquisition and processing system for high-resolution satellite images", "Surveillance of maritime and terrestrial activities by radar", "Comptes économiques définitifs de La Réunion", "Le chômage et son halo augmentent en 2018", "Quatre Réunionnais sur dix vivent sous le seuil de pauvreté", "Consultation begins on Réunion tram project". 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